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Other Options

The Need for Additional Systems

Often multiple systems must be combined in order to remove all contaminants.

The ECOsmarte system is the only one that includes additional systems at no extra charge.

There is usually more than one contaminant to be eliminated from the water. No one system will take care of everything. For example, a compressed carbon block filter will remove chemicals and bacteria, but it won’t remove minerals. An ozone system will remove iron, manganese, sulfur, bacteria and particulate matter, but it won’t remove hardness or tannin. Tannin is acidic, so when a tannin resin is used it may change the pH of the water so much that a pH stabilizer is required. Some water is so high in virus or bacteria or coliform that sometimes an ultra violet sterilizer is required. However, UV will not filter anything out, so pre-filters and post-filters are required. Sometimes the water is so full of sand, silt or large particles that a roughing filter or coarse pre-filter is necessary so as to prolong the life of the main filtration system.

 

FILTERS FOR SPECIFIC CONTAMINANTS

  • Oxygen  Iron, manganese, sulfur, dissolved minerals, bacteria, particulates, chlorine, hardness, arsenic, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, color, odor, staining

  • Ozone    Iron, manganese, sulfur, dissolved minerals, bacteria, particulates, chlorine

  • Reverse Osmosis   Chemicals, minerals, bacteria, arsenic 3, pharmaceuticals

  • Granular Activated Carbon   Tannin, light minerals, chemicals, residual iron

  • Compressed Carbon Block   Chemicals, bacteria, particulates

  • Ultra Violet   Sterilizes bacteria & virus

  • Water softener   Calcium, magnesium, hardness

  • pH Stabilizer   Neutralizes pH (must be periodically replenished)

  • Arsenic system   Arsenic

  • Tannin resin   Tannin

 

In other words, it is necessary to know what is in the water by sending a sample of water to a professional water testing laboratory. Once we know what is in your water, we then know which technologies will remove each item. There is a certain order for systems. Assuming the worst, a number of systems might need to be combined in order to get your water crystal-clear.

 

SEQUENCE

Below is a possible sequence for a lot of in-line systems:

  • Pre-filter/roughing filter/coarse filter/sand filter/15-50 micron filter cartridge

  • pH stabilizer

  • Ozone injection

  • Off-gas tank to remove all gases (sulfur, ozone, methane, ammonia, etc.)

  • Filter media tank (remove particulates, iron, manganese, etc.)

  • Water softener with tannin resin (removes hardness, tannin, color), or a chlorine injector to avoid salt

  • Ultra-Violet sterilizer

  • Point-of-Use filter at the sink (compressed carbon block or reverse osmosis)
     

In addition to this hypothetical list of systems, some other systems might be necessary instead. If arsenic is an issue, there is a completely different system that will remove arsenic, iron, and everything else. If minerals are not an issue, the water is clear, but it is high in bacteria, sometimes nothing more than ultra-violet treatment is needed. This is particularly the case for treating rainwater, and might be the case for people using shallow hand-dug wells. The problem with rainwater is that it is highly acidic. Pond water, on the other hand, is extremely alkaline. Consequently the pH might need to be altered. If there is dirt in the water, at least a coarse filter might be required. Then we get back into the issue of multiple systems.

 

There are several ways to oxidize iron:

(1) with chemicals, such as chlorine injection, which is very inexpensive, but is toxic and requires continuous purchasing and handling of toxic chemicals,
(2) with air, which contains a small percentage of oxygen. This system is inexpensive but not as effective as ozone or oxygen
(3) with ozone — a form of oxygen — which is low-maintenance, effective, and consistent.
(4) with pure oxygen, which is highly effective even though it is initially more expensive and requires ten minutes a month for maintenance.

Both iron and manganese are easily removed 100% with an ozone or an oxygen system.
Aeration systems, chemical systems, green sand and other media filters are not nearly as effective.

The ECOsmarte oxygen system is the only system that will include all extra technologies or additions required to completely purify your water at no extra expense.

Ozone

 

Ozone is an excellent technology for treating water on Whidbey.

 

What is Ozone?

We can smell ozone in the air during lightning storms, when we make static electricity, and any time there is a large electrical spark. There are books on ozone therapy, and some practices actually prescribe removing blood, ozonating it, and reinjecting it into the body. Ozone air purification is excellent for killing any air-born bacteria, mold, smoke, and other pollutants. For water purification, ozone oxidizes dissolved minerals; when minerals are oxidized they clump together into larger particles that can be filtered out.

Characteristics of Ozone
Ozone starts out as O9, which has a half-life that rapidly breaks down to O8, O7, O6, down to O3. As O3 it is highly caustic and corrosive, especially when combined with water. Consequently, ozone in copper pipes and galvanized metal pipes will actually eat away the pipes and the fittings. Stainless steel parts, special ozone-resistant fittings, and plastic pipes are the best ways to plumb for ozone. High levels of ozone in the air can cause immune-deficiency disorders. Ozone above certain levels will kill lung cells. While ozone air purifiers are excellent for killing smoke and other strong odors, continuous breathing of ozone is not safe. Ozone is so strong that it will kill bacteria and other living cells in a split second. Chlorine, on the other hand, can take up to an hour to penetrate the cell wall of a bacteria. On the other hand, chlorine is residual and remains in the water whether it is active or inert, which means that it is ingested, it contacts and dries out the skin, and in continued doses it is a known carcinogen. Conversely, ozone is not residual. As soon as it contacts the air it is gone. The O3 breaks down to O1 and H2O — oxygen and water, both of which are harmless and helpful.

 

Ozone Generation
Ozone can be created in one of two ways: with ultra violet radiation, or with an electrical charge.

  • Ultra-violet ozone generators have two drawbacks: (1) the ozone created is weaker than that made by an electrical charge, and (2) the UV bulb can burn out and will not produce any ozone again until it is replaced. The advantage of UV generation is that it costs less.

  • Corona generation of ozone is by far the most powerful and consistent form. Two electrodes create a high-voltage electrical arc, which creates a large amount of ozone. This ozone gas is then either pushed into the water with a special ozone-resistant pump, or sucked into the water with a plastic venturi.
     

Ozone Water Purification
Ozone is one of the best ways to eliminate iron from water. Because iron is dissolved in the water, it can pass through any number of filters without being removed. In order to get the iron out, it must be made into larger particles or clumps: it must be flocculated. Essentially by oxidizing the dissolved mineral, it in a sense “rusts,” turning into larger particles that can be filtered out. The ozone gas is then flushed through a drain to the outdoors, so no odors enter the building.

Aeration

 

There ae several types of aeration systems. the most basic consist of compressed air injection.

Another option is the IronBreaker III.

IronBreaker III

The IronBreaker III is good for cabins, single residents, or situations with minimal water usage. Aeration systems can remove iron and sulfur smell, but cannot kill iron bacteria.

If your water has the sulfur odor of “rotten eggs”, if there are iron stains on your sinks and bathtubs, if you use large amounts of soap to clean dishes, wash your hair or suffer the “orange hair” effect sometimes caused by iron water, you probably have water that can be successfully treated with an IronBreaker III iron and Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) removal system.

Left untreated, these minerals will cause yellow/brown stains on fixtures and clothing, clogged pipes and appliances, shortened service lives for dishwashers, washing machines and water heaters, all adding to the cost of maintaining appliances while increasing the amount of energy consumed in your home.

 

Whether it’s rust stains in your sinks and laundry, or the “rotten egg” smell of H₂S when you turn on a tap, your water problems can cause you and your family more than embarrassment and frustration. Iron and H₂S can damage your fixtures and plumbing, discolor your laundry or create unpleasant odors in drinking water and showers.

 

Until recently, the most common solution for problem iron and H₂S water involved the use of harsh chemicals and complicated equipment, requiring regular care and service by the homeowner or water treatment professional.

The IronBreaker III now offers the “natural” solution for removing iron and H₂S. A proven patented technology that uses natures own oxidation process to eliminate iron and H₂S without chemicals, without air compressors, without aerators and without external ventures’. Using natures own oxidation process, leaving you with fresh, clean, odor free water throughout your home.

All of your water using appliances will lead longer lives. Dishwashers, automatic washers and, of course, your water heater will benefit from having reduced iron and H₂S, adding years to the life of major appliances and postponing expensive repair and replacement. Hot water heaters, washing machines and dishwashers using iron laden, hard water can wear out 30% faster, while consuming more energy than an appliance using iron free, H₂S free, soft water.

In the bathroom there will be no more iron stains or rotten egg odor. Soap and shampoo will lather better. Hair and skin will feel noticeably cleaner. And when used with a water softener, your iron free, odor free water will be soap scum free, without mineral deposits to clean off sinks, showers, tubs and toilets. In the laundry, without iron or H₂S in the water, clothes will be whiter and brighter. Plus, they will last longer. Add a water softener and increase the life of clothing, towels and linens by up to 33% and add even longer service life to your appliances. In the kitchen, there will be no iron stains on the sink, no objectionable odor while running water for cooking, cleaning or drinking. Dishes will clean more easily and, by adding a water softening unit, your dishes will be spot free without the film glasses get when etched by mineral-laden water.

How the IronBreaker III Works

The IronBreaker III stores a “bubble” of air, compressed by your well pressure, within the media tank. As your water passes thru the air, the iron or H₂S is converted to a particle which is then trapped by the catalytic filter media in the tank while the air “bubble” is gradually consumed by the passing water.

For regeneration, the unit first “backwashes” itself, removing any iron particles it has trapped. The system then replenishes the “air bubble” by drawing in atmosphere, temporarily emptying the tank of all water and transferring oxygen molecules into and on the surface of the media bed where all oxidation occurs. The system then returns to the “service” position, again filtering your water.

Add the ozone generator option and the IronBreaker III system is automatically sanitized during the regeneration process.

Benefits of the IronBreaker III System

The IronBreaker III controls the iron and H₂S is your homes water and:

  • Stops iron stains from occurring

  • Provides clean, odor free water

  • Protects your water softener equipment from “iron fouling”

  • Protects plumbing fixtures, appliances and clothing

  • Protects pipes from iron clogging and black oxidation caused by H₂S

  • Eliminates the need for chemical feed treatment systems

 

Look at the System Comparisons

Oxygen

Compare with EcoSmarte

The Ecosmarte oxygen system will not only treat house water, but is also very effective with:

  • multiple structures

  • rain water

  • pond, stream and lake water

  • swimming pools

  • spas and hot tubs

The ECOsmarte system in this photo includes a tank to remove arsenic. The farthest tank is a retention tank to allow maximum contact of oxygen in the water. The second tank removes iron, manganese and dissolved minerals. The third tank removes color, flavor, odor, and chemicals. The closest tank removes arsenic.

 

The only maintenance, which takes about ten minutes, is to remove and clean the two electrode chambers once every one to three months.

So the question is, which system is the most effective for the lowest price, the least redundant, requires the least amount of maintenance, and lasts the longest?

To find the answer is a good reason to schedule an appointment for a free consultation with Dean.

Call (206) 324-5055.